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Variable frequency inverter (AC motor speed drive, VFD) manufacturer & supplier in China

Home » Products » AC Drive » 380 - 460V AC Drives » AC Drive - VFD Drives

AC Drives - VFD Drive

vector control ac drive


This vector control AC drive (also called VFD) is our new generation products include a wide range VFD drives in low voltage for single phase (1.5kW, 2.2kW for 220VAC to 240VAC) and three phase (0.75kW to 630kW for 380VAC to 460VAC), with ingenious appearance & design as well as excellent performance, powerful & stability functions, suitable for a wide range of applications.

The new vector control AC drives can output low speed/frequency in high start torque with silent stably running; built-in PID feed control and RS485 (Modbus-RTU protocol) communication interface with flexible & high accuracy operation mode and precise speed & position control; include 36 types of protection and alarm functions, monitor and adjust parameters online.

Main Features of the AC drive

1. Special magnetic flux vector control AC Drives
2. Power range: single phase 1.5kW to 2.2kW, three phase 0.75kW to 630kW
3. Integrated RS485, Modbus-RTU communication protocol
4. 32 bit high speed CPU special for ac motor controlling
5. Built-in braking unit in the AC Drives with 15kW power or lower
6. LCD, LED keyboard for option
7. Multi-step PLC control function
8. Close loop control with built-in PID feed
9. Check and adjust parameters online
10. Programmable terminals for convenient control


Packaging, Conveyor, Textile printing, Fans & pumps, Steel, Cement, CNC machine, Metal, Chemical fiber, Sugar, Glass, Plastic machining, Paper & printing, Petrochemical

AC drives for Fans & Pumps

Download ac drive application pdf download (82KB)

I. Benefits of the AC drive in Fans & Pumps applications

Most fans and water pumps are selected according to its full loads working status, but in practice they are not working at the full load state in most of the time. So to control flow & air volume of the pumps & fans, it needs a wind deflector, reflux valve or start/stop timer usually, and the large power ac motors are very difficult in start/stop frequently as the electric impact is in a high level, during this time, it's absolutely will cause electric energy wasted and high current impact during start/stop of the ac motor.

To solve this kind of problem, the most scientific way is to adopt a Gozuk AC drive to control the fans and water pumps. When the AC motor operates at 80% of its rated rotation speed, in theory, the power consumption is the cube of 80% of its rated power, i.e. 51.2%. Generally, it can almost save 40% power consumption for the manufacturer when deduct the impact of mechanical loss and ac motor copper and iron loss. Plus, it can improve energy-efficient when the fan & pump adopt closed-loop constant-pressure control which can be achieved easily. Due to the AC drive can realize soft start/stop for the ac motors, it can avoid voltage surge during the motor's start period to decrease the failure rate and increase its service life, and reduce the power system's capacity requirements and reactive power loss.

II. Energy Conservation Analysis

Through the fluid mechanics' basic principles, we know the fans and pumps are belong to square torque loads, the rotation speed n, flow Q, pressure H and shaft power P relation: Q?n, H?n2, P?n3, i.e., the flow is in proportion to its rotation speed, the pressure is in proportion to the square of its rotation speed, and the shaft power is in proportion to the cube of its rotation speed.

We now take the fan as an instance of the principle in energy conservation. As show in following fig, when the fan in its rated rotation speed, the air volume and air pressure change as curve 1, which intersects with the pipe network resistance curve 2 at the rated working condition point N when the air door is full opened; the air volume of the fan is Qn and the pressure is Hn. Normally, the working condition point is moved to point E by closing the regulation air door and increasing the resistance in ventilation pipe network. At this moment, the air volume is decreased to Qe and the generated pressure head is He. If the air volume is regulated by reducing the rotation speed of the fan, the fan will operate as curve 4, and re-generate required air volume Qe, it will intersect with the pipe network resistance curve 2 at the working condition point C when the air door is full opened.

ac drive fan characteristic

According to the similar principles between fan and water pump, the air volume, rotation speed and power accordance with the following formula:

ac drive formula

According to similar principles, when the rotation speed of the fan reduce to n2 from n1, the shaft power of the fan N2 will be reduced to N1 multiply (n1/n2)3; the shaded area in the FIG.- the area covered by JECF represents the saved electric quantity by reducing rotation speed compared with closing the air door to regulate the same amount of air volume. Both theory and actual measurement prove that it will cause waste of electric energy by manual increasing ventilation resistance (closing the valve) to regulate the air volume, which is unacceptable.

If Variable frequency technology is adopted to change the rotation speed of pumps and fans to control other process control parameters on the field such as pressure, temperature and water level, the comparison results mentioned above can also be obtained by drawing the relation curve in accordance with the system control characteristics. In other words, the method to adopt variable frequency inverter to change the rotation speed of ac motor is more energy and cost efficient than by using valve and damper, and the operating condition of the equipment is also significantly improved.

III. Variable Frequency Reform Solution:
Main Circuit Diagram:

ac drive main circuit diagram

As shown in the above FIG., keep the original system but add the variable frequency drive part, All motors in the system are driven by corresponding ac drives, and when the ac drive failed, the system can working in power frequency as the original control system to ensure continuous production in the factory.

2. Control Circuit

A. Manual regulate (open-loop regulation) system, adjust output frequency of the VFD drive in manual control mode to change the rotation speed of the fan & pump to regulate air volume & water volume. It's same as original method of regulating the air door (gate valve).

B. Automatic regulate (closed-loop regulation) system:

AC drive closed loop regulation

As shown in above FIG., the automatic control system adopts closed-loop regulation which is consisted of the AC drive's built-in PID function with external pressure sensor or pressure gage. The sensor detects air pressure or water pressure in real time and transforms it into 4-20mA current signal (or 0-10V voltage signal), and sends it to the PID regulator, and through internal calculation of the AC drive, automatic regulate the frequency of the ac drive to stabilize the air volume or water pressure at the set value.

3. Main features of vector control AC drive in Fan and Water Pump application

The ac motor speed drive is a product special designed for load with square torque like in fan and water pump applications, cost effective and reliable, it's an ideal choice for your energy saving system.
• Wide range operation voltage, fluctuation range in 304 - 456V AC
• Special rotation speed tracking technology with no impact
• Several V/F curves in setting
• Multi-function input/output terminals with Multi-path definable function
• Re-start function in instant power off
• Built-in RS 485, support MODBUS-RTU communication protocol
• Stable start, suitable for high-inertia load's speed regulation
• Easy to realize closed-loop automatic operation with advanced built-in PID algorithm

IV. System characteristics after reform

(1) Realize AC motor's soft start/stop by adopting variable frequency AC drive control, to increase the equipment's service life and avoid impact on the power system.
(2) Control the AC motor's rotation speed by the AC drive, remove the damper adjustment to decrease failure rate of the application, and increase electricity saving significantly.
(3) The ac motor operates below rated rotation speed, to decrease impact of noises to the environment.
(4) Do not affect original power facilities & environment during installation to allow continuous production.
(5) Enhance overload, overvoltage, overcurrent, undervoltage and voltage phase lack protection functions, and audible and visual alarm function;
(6) Due to keep the original system wiring and make the system have two working modes in normal power frequency & variable frequency power, the whole system operate in a more reliable situation.

Check special ac drive for pumps

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